There are various types of cladding, each with their own set of pros and cons. Cladding is an exterior layer applied to a building to protect it from the elements and enhance its aesthetic appeal. The right type of cladding can also improve the energy efficiency of a building.
In this article, we look at everything you need to know about cladding, from what it is, its benefits, and the different types of cladding that are available for you to choose from.
What is Cladding?
Cladding refers to the process of covering a building’s exterior walls with another layer of material. This material can be made of a variety of substances, including wood, metal, brick, and vinyl. The purpose of cladding is to provide an additional layer of protection against the elements, as well as to improve the aesthetic appearance of the building.
Cladding material can be chosen for its appearance, durability, and other factors. For example, some materials may be more resistant to fire or water damage, while others may be chosen for their ease of installation or low maintenance requirements. The appearance of the cladding can also be an important consideration, as it can greatly affect the overall aesthetic of the building.
Wall cladding can be installed in a variety of ways, including by attaching it directly to the building’s existing walls, or by using a framing system to create a gap between the cladding and the wall. The installation method used will depend on the specific type of cladding material being used, as well as the desired aesthetic and functional properties.
Overall, cladding is an important aspect of building design and construction, providing both functional and aesthetic benefits.
Benefits of Cladding
Cladding has become a popular option for exterior finishes on buildings, and for good reason. There are several benefits to cladding, including:
Protection from Weather and Moisture
One of the primary benefits of cladding is that it provides protection from the elements. Cladding can help prevent moisture from penetrating the building envelope, which can help prevent rot and other damage. It can also help protect the building from wind, rain, and other weather-related damage.
Cladding is a durable option for exterior finishes. It can withstand a variety of weather conditions and can last for many years with proper maintenance. Cladding is also resistant to rot and other types of decay, making it a good choice for buildings in damp or humid environments.
Cladding can help improve the energy efficiency of a building. By providing an extra layer of insulation, cladding can help reduce heat loss in the winter and heat gain in the summer. This can help reduce energy consumption and lower utility bills.
Cladding is a low-maintenance option for exterior finishes. It requires minimal upkeep and can be easily cleaned with soap and water. This can save time and money in the long run, as there is no need for regular painting or other maintenance tasks.
Cladding is a versatile option for exterior finishes. It is available in a variety of materials, colors, and styles, allowing for a range of design options. Cladding can be used to create a modern or traditional look, depending on the desired aesthetic.
Overall, cladding is a durable, low-maintenance, and energy-efficient option for exterior finishes. It provides protection from the elements and can help improve the overall performance of a building.
Different Types of Cladding
Stone cladding is a popular choice for those who want a natural look for their home. Stone cladding can be made from a variety of materials such as granite, limestone, and sandstone. Stone cladding is durable and can last for many years. It is also resistant to fire, moisture, and pests. However, stone cladding can be expensive and requires professional installation.
Brick cladding is a classic option that is both durable and low-maintenance. Brick cladding is made from clay or concrete and can come in a variety of colors and textures. Brick cladding is also fire-resistant and can help with insulation. However, brick cladding can be heavy and requires a strong foundation.
UPVC cladding is a popular option for those who want a low-maintenance and cost-effective option. UPVC cladding is made from plastic and can come in a variety of colors and textures. UPVC cladding is also resistant to fire, moisture, and pests. However, UPVC cladding can be prone to fading and can be less durable than other options.
Timber cladding is a popular choice for those who want a natural and warm look for their home. Timber cladding can be made from a variety of species such as cedar, pine, and redwood. Timber cladding is also environmentally friendly and can help with insulation. However, timber cladding can be prone to warping and requires regular maintenance.
Metal cladding is a modern and durable option that can come in a variety of finishes such as steel and aluminum. Metal cladding is also resistant to fire, moisture, and pests. However, metal cladding can be expensive and can be prone to corrosion.
Concrete cladding is a durable and low-maintenance option that can come in a variety of finishes such as smooth and textured. Concrete cladding is also resistant to fire, moisture, and pests. However, concrete cladding can be heavy and requires a strong foundation.
Weatherboard cladding is a popular option for those who want a traditional look for their home. Weatherboard cladding can be made from a variety of materials such as hardwood and composite. Weatherboard cladding is also environmentally friendly and can help with insulation. However, weatherboard cladding can be prone to rotting and requires regular maintenance.
Glass cladding is a modern and sleek option that can come in a variety of finishes such as clear and frosted. Glass cladding can also help with insulation and can provide natural light. However, glass cladding can be expensive and can be prone to cracking.
In summary, there are many different types of cladding available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Homeowners should consider factors such as durability, maintenance, and cost when choosing the best type of cladding for their home.
Types of Cladding as Per the NBS Building Libraries
The NBS Building Libraries offer a comprehensive list of types of cladding that can be used for various building projects. The following are some of the most commonly used types of cladding:
Profile cladding is a popular type of cladding that is commonly used in commercial and industrial buildings. This type of cladding is made from metal sheets that are profiled to create a specific shape. Profile cladding can be used for roofing and wall cladding and is available in a variety of colors and finishes.
Board-and-batten cladding is a traditional type of cladding that is commonly used in residential buildings. This type of cladding consists of vertical boards that are nailed to the building’s frame, with narrow strips of wood (battens) covering the joints between the boards. Board-and-batten cladding is available in a variety of wood types and finishes.
V-groove cladding is a type of cladding that is commonly used for interior walls and ceilings. This type of cladding consists of tongue-and-groove boards that are beveled along the edges to create a V-shaped groove. V-groove cladding is available in a variety of wood types and finishes.